Developed for the United States Army Air Corpsthe P had distinctive twin booms and a central nacelle containing the cockpit and armament. Allied propaganda claimed it had been nicknamed the fork-tailed devil German : der Gabelschwanz-Teufel by the Luftwaffe and "two planes, one pilot" by the Japanese. MacDonald 27 victories. Unusual for a fighter of this time, the exhaust was muffled by the turbo-superchargersmaking the P's operation relatively quiet.
Kelsey and Gordon P. Saville for a twin-engine, high-altitude "interceptor" having "the tactical mission of interception and attack of hostile aircraft at high altitude. The unbuilt Vultee XP was designed to the same requirement, but was not advanced enough to merit further investigation. A similar single-engine proposal was issued at the same time, Circular Proposal X, in response to which the Bell P Airacobra was designed.Comitato resistenza e costituzione
The Lockheed design team, under the direction of Hall Hibbard and Clarence "Kelly" Johnsonconsidered a range of twin-engine configurations, including both engines in a central fuselage with push—pull propellers. The eventual configuration was rare in terms of contemporary fighter aircraft design, with only the preceding Fokker G. The Lockheed team chose twin booms to accommodate the tail assembly, engines, and turbo-superchargers, with a central nacelle for the pilot and armament.
The XP gondola mockup was designed to mount two. Clustering all the armament in the nose was unusual in U. Nose-mounted guns did not suffer from having their useful ranges limited by pattern convergence, meaning that good pilots could shoot much farther. The P was the first American fighter to make extensive use of stainless steel and smooth, flush-riveted butt-jointed aluminum skin panels.
Kelsey then proposed a speed dash to Wright Field on 11 February to relocate the aircraft for further testing. The flight set a speed record by flying from California to New York in seven hours and two minutes, not counting two refueling stops,  but the aircraft was downed by carburetor icing short of the Mitchel Field runway in Hempstead, New Yorkand was wrecked.
Lockheed's Chief test pilot Tony LeVier angrily characterized the accident as an unnecessary publicity stunt,  but according to Kelsey, the loss of the prototype, rather than hampering the program, sped the process by cutting short the initial test series. Manufacture of YPs fell behind schedule, at least partly because of the need for mass-production suitability making them substantially different in construction from the prototype.
Another factor was the sudden required expansion of Lockheed's facility in Burbanktaking it from a specialized civilian firm dealing with small orders to a large government defense contractor making VenturasHarpoonsLodestarsHudsonsand designing the Constellation for TWA.
The first YP was not completed until Septemberwith its maiden flight on 17 September. The YPs were substantially redesigned and differed greatly in detail from the hand-built XP They were lighter and included changes in engine fit. The propeller rotation was reversed, with the blades spinning outward away from the cockpit at the top of their arc, rather than inward as before. This improved the aircraft's stability as a gunnery platform.
Test flights revealed problems initially believed to be tail flutter. Once caught in this dive, the fighter would enter a high-speed compressibility stall and the controls would lock up, leaving the pilot no option but to bail out if possible or remain with the aircraft until it got down to denser air, where he might have a chance to pull out.
By Novembermany of the initial assembly-line challenges had been met, which freed up time for the engineering team to tackle the problem of frozen controls in a dive. Lockheed had a few ideas for tests that would help them find an answer.
At that point, the tabs would begin to multiply the effort of the pilot's actions.Connettore giunto forma t colore bianco per barra sistema
The expert test pilot, year-old  Ralph Virden, was given a specific high-altitude test sequence to follow and was told to restrict his speed and fast maneuvering in denser air at low altitudes, since the new mechanism could exert tremendous leverage under those conditions. A note was taped to the instrument panel of the test craft underscoring this instruction.
On 4 NovemberVirden climbed into YP 1 and completed the test sequence successfully, but 15 minutes later was seen in a steep dive followed by a high-G pullout. The Lockheed design office was justifiably upset, but their design engineers could only conclude that servo tabs were not the solution for loss of control in a dive.
Lockheed still had to find the problem; the Army Air Forces personnel were sure it was flutter and ordered Lockheed to look more closely at the tail. In flutter was a familiar engineering problem related to a too-flexible tail, but the P's empennage was completely skinned in aluminum [Note 2] rather than fabric and was quite rigid. At no time did the P suffer from true flutter. Army Lieutenant Colonel Kenneth B.We used the best materials available when building these realistic replicas.
Our patented design allows this to function just like the real thing and cannot be converted to fire live ammo. BATFE approved. They function great and have a rate of fire similar to the original. Comes with a full set of BFA plugs. Very user friendly and they use standard belts. Caliber is. Watch our demo video to see this in action. You will be amazed! High quality blank firing only replica. Comes with one 30 rd magazine unless high capacity magazines are banned in the purchaser's state.
Made from precision CNC machined steel and does not contain plastic.
Lockheed P-38 Lightning
The construction may vary from what is seen in the photo due to some parts being used surplus. It will need to be tuned before it is used instructions included. Finish is black ceramic paint. Full auto blank firing only DPM replica. Our patented design allows this to function just like the real thing without being able to be converted to fire live ammo.
All the serial numbers match and very high quality. They use 7. This kit will allow you to build a blank firing replica of an MP with simulated full auto fire if you already have an original parts kit. These parts are designed to work with original parts, however minor hand fitting may be required due to inconsistencies or condition of original parts.
There are a few pieces that require welding together. The finish is in the white. You will need the following original parts to complete it: Lower trigger housing with stock Trigger Sear transfer bar Magazine housing Ejector Firing pin with recoil spring and hardware Cocking handle Front sight Muzzle cap Bakelite bar goes under barrel Rear sight Sling loop. This kit will allow you to build a blank firing replica of a Thompson M1A1 with simulated full auto fire if you already have an original parts kit.
You can also take parts from an original full auto and quickly attach them to this to fire blanks without having to transport a firearm.It was available in Update 1. The PJ is a sleekly designed, twin-engine monoplane by Lockheed. This plane has a top speed of Mph kph with an airspeed warning at Mph kph.
Further-expanding the role, with upgrades, it can be equipped with either: bazooka's or bombs to further allow it to conquer and dominate the battlefield, whether that be air or ground.Ax50 warzone loadout
When playing the PJ climb to a high altitude, search for the enemy, locate the enemy you feel confident in engaging. Once these steps have been, ticked-off the check-list. Assuming you are above the enemy target: Put the plane into a gradual descent, which gives you and allows you to maintain the speed advantage. As you are descending; make small corrections on your path, so you don't give the element surprise away by overshooting the enemy.
Now you are about one to two seconds away, from your target. Line your sights up, with your sights on the tail and fire a bust with your cannon and machine guns. You have now shot down your target. Why keeping the momentum, climb back up to the height you where before and repeat for the best results.
Ground Battles Using this plane in ground battles, is very effective once you have unlocked the appropriate modules. FMBC Mk. To help get the bombs on target, use the machine guns to help predict where the bomb will fall. To do this, put the plane into a steep dive. As you near the ground and start getting closer, fire the machine guns.
Using a short bust, if the bust hits the area or target you are aiming for; drop the bombs then pull up. They are great for destroying, tanks, bunkers and ships. M10 Bazooka module allows you to equip your PJ with two bazooka's each bazooka has three rockets in total you get six rockets. These are attached to the lower nose panel, and are very accurate.
These are ideal for destroying tanks and bunkers. Once the ground units have been destroyed, you can use this to plane dominate the air and keep the enemy bomber and fighters away. This will help you secure that much wanted victory!
The concept of the plane was made in February when the US Army Air Corps made a requirement for a plane that had twin-engine and can act as a high-altitude interceptor that can hold a large amount of armament and ammunition. The term "interceptor" was used for the aircraft by the requirement authors, 1st Lt Benjamin S.
Kelsey and Gordon P. Saville, to bypass the Air Corps' strict requirements on aircraft designs at the time.He was one of nine children, the son of immigrant parents from Swedish. Nicknamed "Dick". Training Duringhe enlisted in the U. Army service number O During the summer ofBong was charged with looping the Golden Gate Bridge and was to be court-martial for the infraction.
During Novemberwhen Bong was home on leave, he confided to family that he did not fly under the Golden Gate, but was turned-in for buzzing the house of a pilot friend that had just been married. Bong thought he would have been subjected to a court martial and forced out of the Army, had it not been for the fact that on the very same day, three other pilots flew under the Golden Gate Bridge including John G.
O'NeillJohn H. Mangas and Mitchell. Four P pilots were crammed into the nose: Carl G. Planck, Jr. Upon arrival Bong and Planck were assigned to the newly formed P fighter unit, the 17th Provisional Fighter Squadron. The 49th Fighter Group. On March 22, crashed piloted by Tom Malone. Aerial Victory Claims Bong was credited with a a total of 40 aerial victories and was the U.
His aerial victory claims include:. Also flying that day were P Warhawk pilots from the 7th and 9th Fighter Squadrons. This mission was the first major P Lightning combat in New Guinea. Bong claimed his first two victories, claiming a Zero aerial victory claim no.
They engaged Japanese fighters defending the unloading of a convoy from Rabaul. During the air combat, he claimed two Oscars over the Huon Gulf aerial victory claim no. Over the target, he claimed his fifth aerial victory making him an ace. The area was quickly developed from kunai grass into a major U. Army base area. Initially, the area lacked any facilities and tractors carrying fuel drums were used to refuel the squadron's Lightnings.
This new base allowed aircraft to operate from the north coast of New Guinea. Fowler with Carl Planck as his wingman with Hanning and Overson. A formation of Woods, Mankin and Bong in close echelon formation attacked a Betty bomber.
Bong fired at an inverted Zero in a dive and pulled out at mph above sea level. After pulling up and reversing course, he made a head on pass at an A6M Zero with a centerline drop tank and fired a long burst at it causing it to erupt in flames. Then fired on another A6M Zero with a centerline drop tank with a short burst, followed by an attack on seven other Zeros head on with a 20 degree deflection shot at the nearest plane and accellerated away. As he departed the area, one of the Zeros fired on his P from the left quarter and hit his plane, causing a coolant leak on the left engine.
Returning from the mission, he landed at Horanda Drome with a single engine. Bong was credited for two victories for this mission, his seventh and eight victory claims. On March 29, Bong claimed another aerial victory, a "Doris", his ninth aerial victory claim.By Stephen ShermanJune, Updated June 28, He grew up on a farm near the small town of Poplar, Wisconsin.
Dick did well in high school, helped on the farm, and pursued many interests as a teenager. He played on the school's baseball, basketball and hockey teams; played clarinet in the school band; sang in the church choir; and enjoyed fishing and hunting.
He became a quite a good shot with a hunting rifle. Like many boys of his era, he became interested in aviation at a young age, and was an avid model builder.
He started at Superior State Teachers College inwhere he enrolled in the Civilian Pilot training program, also taking private flying lessons. One P check pilot who said Bong was the finest natural pilot he ever met. There was no way he could keep Bong from not getting on his tail, even though he was flying an AT-6, a very slow airplane. He promptly became a "plow-back," staying on at Luke to teach gunnery. But after a few months he got the chance to train in Lockheed's big new fighter, the P In a famous story, Bong was high-hatting all over San Francisco Bay, flying under the bridges, buzzing Market Street, and blowing wash off clothes lines.
One harried housewife complained. Kenney called Bong on the carpet and told him. Then you hang around being useful - mowing the lawn or something - and when the clothes are dry, take them off the line and bring them into the house.
And don't drop any of them on the ground or you will have to wash them all over again. I want this woman to think we are good for something else besides annoying people.
Now get out of here before I get mad and change my mind. That's all! On December 27,while flying with the 35th, Bong scored his first aerial victories, a Zero and an Oscar, for this he earned a Silver Star.
Bong began shooting down Japanese planes at a rapid rate. April 14 1 bomber, defending against Jap attack on Milne Bay. Bong's kills were evenly spread out throughout his time flying combat.
Also, most of Bong's victories were in the earlier stages of the war against very experienced Japanese pilots. Bong also was considered extremely lucky in finding the enemy. Some pilots hardly saw any enemy fighters in all their time flying combat.Camera tripod spare parts
July 28 1 Oscar, on B escort over New Britain. Bong's plane damaged. When Rickenbacker heard about it, he sent a message of congratulations reading, "Just received the good news that you are the first one to break my record in World War I by bringing down 27 planes in combat, as well as your promotion, so justly deserved. I hasten to offer my sincere congratulations with the hope that you will double or triple this number. But in trying, use the same calculating techniques that has brought you results to date, for we will need your kind back home after this war is over.
My promise of a case of Scotch still holds. So be on the lookout for it. Word that liquor was being supplied to the famous, clean-cut, young pilot caused a mild uproar in certain circles. In response General Arnold dispatched two cases of Coca Cola with the message: "I understand you prefer this type of refreshment to others.
You thoroughly deserve to have the kind you want. The Army Air Forces are proud of you and your splendid record. Kenney at Hollandia. Bong's latest HQ assignment was 'advanced gunnery instructor,' and while allowed to go on combat missions, he had orders to only defend himself, and not seek out the enemy.That's an easy one And how young he was when he died.
This image reflects that perfectly. One of the best flying war stories I have read. Dick Bong has been honored in many ways. While in the war, he was the one to beat The pilot who came closest, Tommy McGuiredied on the mission where he might have tied Bong's record.Scuole a campobasso. elementari, medie e superiori
Of course, then Bong probably would have insisted on going back up again to give it another go! The Richard and Marge love story is one for the ages. If you'd like to read about it, you can pick up a copy called Memories here. He grew up on a farm near the small town of Poplar, Wisconsin. Dick did well in high school, helped on the farm, and pursued many interests as a teenager. He played on the school's baseball, basketball and hockey teams; played clarinet in the school band; sang in the church choir; and enjoyed fishing and hunting.
Like many boys of his era, he became interested in aviation at a young age, and was an avid model builder. He started at Superior State Teachers College inwhere he enrolled in the Civilian Pilot training program, also taking private flying lessons.
Second Lieutenant Bong was assigned to the 9th Fighter Squadron, the "Flying Knights," and was sent to Australia to "hurry up and wait. On December 27,while flying with the 35th, Bong scored his first aerial victories, a Zero and an Oscar; for this he earned a Silver Star.
Bong's "kills" were evenly spread out throughout his time flying combat. Although most of Bong's victories were in the earlier stages of the war against very experienced Japanese pilots, Bong was considered extremely lucky in finding the enemy.
Some pilots hardly saw any enemy fighters in all their time flying combat.
General Kenney took him out of action again and promoted him to Major. Bong returned to the Southwest Pacific on September 10, reporting to Gen. Kenney at Hollandia.
Bong's latest HQ assignment was advanced gunnery instructor, and while allowed to go on combat missions, he had orders to only defend himself, and not seek out the enemy. Bong was finally grounded and sent home by General Kenney. He was the most successful U. In an unfortunate coincidence of historic events, on August 6,while half a world away the Enola Gay dropped the bomb on Hiroshima, Bong stepped into an airplane for the last time. He was just too close to the ground. After surviving two years of combat flying, Richard Ira Bong met his end while on a routine acceptance flight.
Be sure to visit the Richard I. Bong Veteran's Historical Center website for more great photos and information. Our entire operation is supported entirely by people like you. As our parents, grandparents and friends who were "hands on" with the P Lightning are continuing to leave us, keeping this website available as a tribute to them is vital.
This aircraft was an important part of their lives and their history, and to carry on this legacy, we need funding.P38 Pistol (Walther, Mauser, Spreewerk) Overview
What would you pay for a good aviation DVD or book? If you enjoy this website, please consider a financial contribution of the same amount to help defray our increasing costs and ensure that this part of aviation history continues to be available to people all over the world. We have a page to thank our website's financial contributors and will add your name when you make a contribution.He was one of the most decorated American fighter pilots and the country's top flying ace in the war, credited with shooting down 40 Japanese aircraft, all with the Lockheed P Lightning fighter.
He died in California while testing a Lockheed P jet fighter shortly before the war ended. Bong entered Poplar High School inwhere he played the clarinet in the marching band and participated in baseball, basketball, and hockey.
Because Poplar was a three-year school at the time, Bong transferred to Central High School in Superior for his senior year, graduating in While there, Bong enrolled in the Civilian Pilot Training Program and also took private flying lessons.
One of his flight instructors was Captain Barry Goldwater later a U. Senator from Arizona. Bong's ability as a fighter pilot was recognized while he was training in northern California. He was commissioned a second lieutenant and awarded his pilot wings on January 19, His first assignment was as an instructor gunnery pilot at Luke Field, Arizona, from January to May On June 12,Bong flew very low "buzzed" over a house in nearby San Anselmothe home of a pilot who had just been married.
He was cited and temporarily grounded for breaking flying rules, along with three other P pilots who had looped around the Golden Gate Bridge on the same day. Kenneycommanding officer of the Fourth Air Forcewho told him, "If you didn't want to fly down Market Street, I wouldn't have you in my Air Force, but you are not to do it any more and I mean what I say. From there, Bong was sent to the Southwest Pacific Area. On September 10,Lt. In November, while the squadron waited for delivery of the scarce Ps, Bong and other 9th FS pilots were reassigned temporarily to fly missions and gain combat experience with the 39th Fighter Squadron, 35th Fighter Groupbased in Port MoresbyNew Guinea.
In April, he was promoted to first lieutenant. In August, he was promoted to captain. After returning to the southwest Pacific in Januaryhe named his P "Marge" and adorned the nose with her photo. Soon afterwards, he was promoted to major by General Kenney and dispatched to the United States to see General "Hap" Arnoldwho gave him a leave. He was assigned to the V Fighter Command staff as an advanced gunnery instructor with permission to go on missions but not to seek combat.
Bong considered his gunnery accuracy to be poor, so he compensated by getting as close to his targets as possible to make sure he hit them. In some cases he flew through the debris of exploding enemy aircraft, and on one occasion collided with his target, which he claimed as a "probable" victory.
Bong's Medal of Honor citation says that he flew combat missions despite his status as an instructor, which was one of his duties as standardization officer for V Fighter Command. His rank of major would have qualified him for a squadron command, but he always flew as a flight four-plane or element two-plane leader. In JanuaryKenney sent America's ace of aces home for good.
Bong married Vattendahl on February 10, On August 6,he took off to perform the acceptance flight of PA It was his 12th flight in the P; he had a total of four hours and fifteen minutes of flight time in the jet. The plane's primary fuel pump malfunctioned during takeoff. Bong either forgot to switch to the auxiliary fuel pump, or for some reason was unable to do so.
His death was front-page news across the country, sharing space with the first news of the bombing of Hiroshima. The I fuel pump had been added to Ps after an earlier fatal crash.
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